Why is this important?
Neighborhood satisfaction generally stems from satisfaction with public services, schools, appearance, perceived safety, fellow residents, and nuisance or noise [i]. Residential moves for an average household depend on a wide array of push and pull factors. In general, push factors are negative reasons for a residential move associated with dissatisfaction with the place a household is seeking to leave. Pull factors are positive reasons associated with potential destinations where households may be more satisfied [ii]. Households may often seek a higher quality neighborhood through a move motivated by push factors, but may also move to a lower quality neighborhood out of financial necessity in a constrained housing market with increasing costs, a pull factor. Renters are more likely than homeowners to move into neighborhoods with lower incomes than the previous neighborhood, and households may move to lower income neighborhoods as a tradeoff for larger homes [iii]
[i] Permentier, Matthieu, Gideon Bolt, and Maarten van Ham. “Determinants of Neighbourhood Satisfaction and Perception of Neighbourhood Reputation.” Urban Studies 48.5 (2009). http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0042098010367860
[ii] Garshick Kleit, Rachel, Seungbeom Kang, and Corianne Payton Scally. “Why Do Housing Mobility Programs Fail in Moving Households to Better Neighborhoods?” Housing Policy Debate, 26.1 (2016).
[iii] Ellen, Ingrid Gould, Keren Mertens Horn, Katherine M. O’Regan. “Why do Higher Income Households Choose Low Income Neighborhoods? Pioneering or Thrift?” The NYU Furman Center (2012).